Highbush Blueberries are beautiful plants, with graceful upright structure and gray-green foliage that turns shades of burgundy or orange in fall. Pearly white flowers appear in spring, leading to a lush crop of the sweet fruit. We've selected varieties for areas of the country where temperatures drop below 45°F for at least five weeks. Plants are hardy and long-lived, asking only for a sunny spot with highly organic, acid soil (pH of 4.5 is ideal, so dig in some peat moss when planting, if you're in doubt) and mulch to retain moisture.
Blueberries require cross-pollination to produce heavily, so we offer 3 varieties. 'Earliblue' will start the season with its large, light blue fruit. 'Bluecrop' is a midseason variety whose large, powdery blue berries consistently rate high in taste tests. 'Jersey,' one of the oldest, most widely grown, and most delicious varieties available, provides a late crop of very sweet, medium-size, dark blue berries on a 5–7′ shrub. Plants will fruit their second year and really hit their stride in another year or two. The trio includes 1 of each variety.
For information on the growing and care of Blueberries, click Growing Guide.
HOW PLANTS ARE SHIPPED
The size of the plants we ship has been selected to reduce the shock of transplanting. For some, this means a large, bareroot crown. Others cannot travel bareroot or transplant best if grown in containers. We ship these perennials and annuals in 1 pint pots, except as noted. We must point out that many perennials will not bloom the first year after planting, but will the following year, amply rewarding your patience. We ship bulbs as dormant, bare bulbs, sometimes with some wood shavings or moss. Shrubs, Roses, vines, and other woody plants may be shipped bareroot or in pots. The size of the pot is noted in the quick facts for each item.
WHEN WE SHIP
We ship our bulbs and plants at the right time for planting in your area, except as noted, with orders dispatched on a first-come, first-served basis by climate zone. Estimated dates for shipping are indicated in the Shipping Details box for each item. Please refer to the Shipping Details box to determine the earliest shipping time. Unless you specify otherwise, fertilizers, tools, and other non-plant items are shipped with your plants or bulbs. Please supply a street address for delivery. Kindly contact us with two weeks notice, if you'll be away at expected time of delivery.
We guarantee to ship plants that are in prime condition for growing. If your order is damaged or fails to meet your expectations, we will cheerfully replace or refund it. Please contact our Customer Service Department at 1-800-503-9624 or email us at [email protected]. Please include your order number or customer number when contacting us.
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Choosing a site: Blueberries thrive in full sun and in acid soil that is moisture-retentive yet well drained. Because blueberries grow best in soil with a pH between 4–5 (a pH of 5.5 is ideal), we recommend that you have your soil tested before planting your bushes.
Spacing: Allow 4–5′ between Blueberry plants. Cross pollination between varieties results in heavier fruit production.
Planting: Because Blueberries grow best in soil that has an acid pH and is rich in humus, you should cart away about half of the soil dug from the planting hole and replace it with at least as much peat moss. Mix the peat moss thoroughly into the remaining soil before pushing it back into the hole.
Watering and fertilizing: Blueberries require about 1″ of rain or irrigation per week. Surrounding your plants with a 4–5′ circle of mulch helps keep the soil moist and prevents the growth of weeds. Apply a 2–4″ layer of wood chips, shredded bark, or other organic material. The year after planting (and every year thereafter) apply a fertilizer designed for acid-loving plants at flowering time in spring and again about 4 weeks later.
Pruning: Although it may hurt to do so, you should remove all of the flowers produced the first spring after planting. You will be rewarded with healthier, more productive plants. For the next several years, pruning needs will be light—in early spring, remove weak branches and branches that have suffered damage over the winter, and thin interior branches if they are crowding each other. To keep mature plants vigorous and productive, prune in early spring to remove dead wood and low, spreading branches. Limit the number of major branches arising from the base to 8–10. Regularly remove branches that are more than 4–5 years old, and allow younger branches to replace them.
Pests: The most serious pest of Blueberries is birds. They seem to find every berry just as it ripens. The only sure way to protect your crop is to cover your plants—either individually or as a group—with plastic netting (available at most garden centers). Support the netting above the shrubs with wooden posts and tie it at the base to keep the birds from reaching the fruit.
Harvesting: Bushes begin bearing the second year from planting and reach maturity in 6–8 years. Berries are ripe when they fall readily from the stems.
For information on growing BrazelBerries®, click Growing BrazelBerries® Raspberries.